Three Most Common Types of Bone Grafts

There are several reasons for undergoing a dental bone graft procedure. Surgical imperfections, trauma, infections, or congenital malformations are some of the reasons why you need to have your bones replaced with a healthy grafting material.

The surgical procedure can also be done using a natural substitute, a synthetic material, or an artificial structure that allows your bones to regenerate and heal.

When the damaged bone repairs itself, the implanted graft material fuses with the new bone structure form a strong jaw bone. This eliminates ridge defects, decreases postoperative infections, and maintains your facial contours.

Autogenous Bone Grafting Procedure

This surgical procedure is the most efficient type of grafting because the grafting material is obtained from the patient’s own body. Sample bones are harvested from insignificant body parts such as the iliac crest which is the common source material for orthopedic surgery.

Rejection also has a meager percentage as opposed to other forms of grafting procedure because the material is taken from the patient himself. Unfortunately, this type of surgical procedure is almost always followed by several surgical procedures and postoperative discomforts can be excruciating.


Similar to autogenous bone grafting, an allograft procedure uses bone grafting materials from a person with the only difference that it is coming from a different source. Bone sources can come from a donated dead person, so it can be used for medical procedures or can come from a local bone bank.

When the grafting material is harvested it can be freeze-dried for future uses. It is also available in demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft or can be fresh-frozen bone collected from the donor.


Although this is rarely being used as a grafting procedure, xenograft or xenotransplantation has had some experimental emphasis in the surgical world.

It uses grafting materials that are harvested from animals and other species aside from humans. There has been partial success in several laboratory attempts, but the results are for mere clinical studies as for now.

If you have any questions or would like to schedule an appointment, please call us at (718) 925-3365 today.

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